tallest buildings in africa

9 Tallest Buildings in Africa

Africa is home to some of the most impressive and breathtaking architecture in the world. From towering skyscrapers to iconic landmarks, the continent boasts a diverse range of architectural styles and designs. In this article, we’ll explore the top 10 tallest buildings in Africa, highlighting the feats of engineering and design that dominate the continent’s skyline.

Key Takeaways:

  • Africa is home to some of the tallest buildings in the world.
  • The continent’s skyline is dominated by impressive feats of engineering and design.
  • The top 10 tallest buildings in Africa showcase the diversity of architectural styles and designs present on the continent.

1. The Leonardo, Johannesburg, South Africa (234m / 768ft – 55 floors)

At a height of 732 feet, The Leonardo in Johannesburg, South Africa is the tallest building on the African continent. Completed in 2019, this towering structure boasts a total of 55 floors and is located in the heart of the city’s financial district.

Designed by Co-Arc International Architects, The Leonardo is a masterpiece of engineering and architecture, featuring a unique curved shape and a sleek glass facade. The building’s design is inspired by the concept of a Maestro, reflecting the idea of mastery and excellence – qualities that are synonymous with the building’s namesake, Leonardo da Vinci.

The Leonardo is not just a luxury high-rise; it is also a mixed-use development, featuring a hotel, residential apartments, office space, and a range of retail and dining options. This unique combination of uses has made The Leonardo a central hub for business and leisure in Johannesburg.

The Leonardo has received numerous awards for its excellence in design and construction, including the 2020 Best International Property High-rise Architecture Award at the International Property Awards. It has also been recognized for its sustainable features, including a rainwater harvesting system and energy-efficient systems.

The Leonardo is a shining example of the potential of African skyscrapers. As the continent continues to develop and grow its urban centers, we can expect to see more top high-rises in Africa, each one more impressive than the last.

2. Carlton Centre, Johannesburg, South Africa ( 223m / 732ft – 50 floors)

The Carlton Centre stands tall in the heart of Johannesburg, South Africa. At a height of 223 meters, it is the tallest tower in Africa, dominating the city’s skyline since its completion in 1973.

The Carlton Centre is an iconic building in Africa. Its unique architectural features, such as the triangular shape and the recessed windows, make it stand out from other towers in the city. It is also a symbol of Johannesburg’s economic development, with its 50 floors housing various offices, shops, and restaurants.

The tower’s observation deck, located on the 50th floor, offers breathtaking views of the city’s skyline and the surrounding areas. It is a popular tourist attraction, drawing visitors from all over the world who come to admire the view from the top of Africa’s tallest tower.

The Carlton Centre is a testament to Africa’s architectural prowess, and its status as an iconic building in Africa is well-deserved. Its towering height and unique design make it one of the most recognizable buildings on the continent, and its impact on Johannesburg’s skyline is undeniable.

3. Ponte City Apartments, Johannesburg, South Africa (173m / 568ft – 54 ​​floors)

With its unique cylindrical design, the Ponte City Apartments in Johannesburg, South Africa, is a record-breaking African architectural wonder. Standing at 173 meters tall, this towering structure was completed in 1975 and has a total of 54 floors.

Originally designed as a luxury apartment complex, the building fell into disrepair in the 1990s and became known for its high crime rates and urban decay. However, in recent years, efforts have been made to revitalize the building and improve its living conditions.

Today, the Ponte City Apartments is considered an iconic landmark in Johannesburg and has been featured in various films and documentaries. It remains a symbol of the city’s resilience and ability to overcome challenges.

The building’s cylindrical design was a revolutionary concept at the time of its construction, and it remains an impressive feat of engineering today. The apartments are arranged around the central core of the building, which provides natural ventilation and lighting.

The Ponte City Apartments continues to attract visitors from around the world who are drawn to its unique architecture and historical significance. As a record-breaking African structure, it exemplifies the continent’s ability to create towering structures that are both functional and visually striking.

4. Cairo Tower, Cairo, Egypt

The Cairo Tower is one of the most iconic buildings of Africa, located in the heart of Egypt’s bustling capital. It stands at an impressive height of 187 meters, dominating the city’s skyline. Construction of the tower began in 1956 and was completed in 1961, making it one of the oldest towering structures in Africa.

The Cairo Tower serves as a communications tower, providing radio and television transmission for the city. It is also a popular tourist destination because of its observation deck, which provides breathtaking panoramic views of the city and the Nile River.

Designed by Egyptian architect, Naoum Shebib, the tower’s unique design is inspired by ancient Egyptian lotus plants. The tower’s stem represents the lotus’ long stem, while the tower’s antenna represents the flower blossom.

The Cairo Tower has become a symbol of modernization for Egypt and a testament to the country’s rich history. Its significance as an iconic building of Africa is unparalleled, making it a must-see attraction for anyone visiting Cairo.

5. Tallest Towers in Africa: Hassan II Mosque, Casablanca, Morocco

The Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco stands tall as one of the tallest towers in Africa, with a height of 689 feet. Completed in 1993, this architectural marvel is not only a religious landmark but also a symbol of Morocco’s modernization and growth. The mosque’s unique design combines traditional Islamic architecture with modern engineering, making it a true masterpiece.

At night, the mosque’s minaret lights up, illuminating the entire city. The mosque is also located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, offering breathtaking views of the water. Visitors can take guided tours of the mosque, which includes a visit to the Hamman, or traditional bathhouse, as well as the museum that displays Moroccan art and Islamic artifacts.

The mosque’s minaret is the tallest in the world, standing at 210 meters, and its prayer hall can accommodate up to 25,000 worshippers. The mosque also has a retractable roof, protecting worshippers from the elements while still providing a sense of openness and connection to the sky.

The Hassan II Mosque is considered an architectural masterpiece and an engineering marvel. Its height and unique design have made it a landmark on the African continent and a must-visit destination for tourists interested in Africa’s architectural marvels.

6. African Skyscrapers: UAP Tower, Nairobi, Kenya (163m / 535ft – 33 floors)

Nairobi, Kenya’s capital, is becoming a top destination for tourists and investors alike. The city’s skyline is rapidly changing, thanks to the construction of several high-rise buildings. One of these towering structures is the UAP Tower.

The UAP Tower is a 33-story building located in the heart of Nairobi. With a height of 163 meters, it is currently the third-tallest building in the city and one of the top high-rises in Africa.

The tower’s unique design includes a façade covered in aluminum composite panels that give it a modern look. It also features a helipad at the top, making it a suitable location for executives and businesspeople who need to travel quickly.

Completed in 2017, the UAP Tower is home to several businesses, including UAP Old Mutual, a leading insurance and financial services company in Africa. The building has also played a significant role in shaping Nairobi’s skyline and solidifying the city’s position as a hub of business and commerce in Africa.

7. Britam Tower, Nairobi, Kenya (200m / 656ft – 31 floors)

The Britam Tower is a record-breaking building located in the heart of Nairobi, Kenya. It stands at an impressive height of 200 meters, making it the tallest building in East and Central Africa. The tower is a true testament to record-breaking African architecture and design.

The tower was officially opened in 2019 and is home to several corporate and commercial tenants. Its unique design, which was inspired by the shape of a spiral, is an iconic feature that sets it apart from other African skyscrapers.

The Britam Tower is a masterpiece of engineering and construction, taking over four years to build. Its spiral shape was carefully crafted to maximize natural light and ventilation, creating a comfortable and sustainable working environment for its occupants.

The building also features a state-of-the-art fitness center, a conference center, and retail space on the ground floor. Its contribution to the city’s skyline is undeniable, with its striking appearance visible from miles away.


Sustainability is at the core of the Britam Tower’s design. The building incorporates several green features such as rainwater harvesting, energy-efficient lighting, and a green roof that promotes biodiversity and reduces the urban heat island effect.

The tower has also been awarded the prestigious Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Platinum certification, recognizing its commitment to sustainability and energy efficiency.

The Britam Tower is a prime example of how record-breaking African architecture can be combined with sustainable design to create a building that is both aesthetically pleasing and environmentally friendly.

8. The Pinnacle, Nairobi, Kenya

The Pinnacle is an upcoming skyscraper in Nairobi, Kenya that is set to become the tallest building in Africa upon completion. With an anticipated height of 320 meters, it will surpass the current record holder, The Leonardo, located in Johannesburg, South Africa. The Pinnacle is a mixed-use development that will feature a luxury hotel, high-end residential apartments, and office space.

The architectural design of The Pinnacle is inspired by the shape of a crystal, with a triangular shape that tapers towards the top. The building’s facade features a unique pattern of triangles in different shades of blue and green, which is intended to represent the natural beauty of Kenya’s landscapes.

Upon completion, The Pinnacle will be a true icon of Africa. Its unique design and unparalleled height will make it a landmark for the region, and a symbol of African excellence in architecture and design. The Pinnacle is set to become one of the most iconic buildings in Africa, and a must-see for anyone visiting Nairobi.

9. South African Reserve Bank Building, Pretoria, South Africa (150m / 492ft – 38 floors)

The South African Reserve Bank Building in Pretoria, South Africa is a towering structure that dominates the city’s skyline. The building stands at an impressive height of 150 meters, making it one of the tallest skyscrapers on the African continent. Its unique triangular shape and modernist architecture have made it a prominent landmark in the city.

The building, which was completed in 1988, serves as the headquarters of the South African Reserve Bank. It was designed by renowned architect Helmut Jahn and features a striking exterior of reflective glass and polished granite. The interior is just as impressive, with a grand entrance hall and atrium that showcase the building’s bold design.

Aside from its architectural significance, the South African Reserve Bank Building is also an important symbol of South Africa’s economy. As the headquarters of the country’s central bank, it plays a crucial role in the country’s financial system and has been the site of several key economic decisions over the years.

Overall, the South African Reserve Bank Building is an impressive example of towering structures in Africa. Its stunning design and towering height make it a must-see destination for architecture enthusiasts and visitors to Pretoria alike.


From towering skyscrapers to iconic landmarks, Africa boasts some of the world’s most impressive architectural marvels. The top 10 tallest buildings in Africa have not only transformed skylines but also contributed significantly to the continent’s growth and prosperity. The sheer grandeur of these structures is a testament to Africa’s ability to innovate and create.

The Leonardo in Johannesburg, South Africa, stands tall as the tallest building in Africa, while the Britam Tower in Nairobi, Kenya, is a record-breaking masterpiece. The Cairo Tower in Egypt and the Hassan II Mosque in Morocco are not just towering structures but also cultural symbols of the countries they represent. The Carlton Centre and Ponte City Apartments in Johannesburg, South Africa, are iconic buildings that have come to define the city’s skyline. The UAP Tower in Nairobi, Kenya, and the upcoming Pinnacle promise to be equally impressive.

Overall, these buildings are a testament to Africa’s potential and its ability to compete on a global scale. The future of Africa’s architectural landscape looks bright and promising, and it’s exciting to imagine what the next decade will bring. For now, the top 10 tallest buildings in Africa continue to inspire awe and wonder, asserting their place as some of the world’s most remarkable architectural marvels.


Q: What are the tallest buildings in Africa?

A: The top 10 tallest buildings in Africa are:

Q: Where is The Leonardo located?

A: The Leonardo, the tallest building in Africa, is located in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Q: What is the Carlton Centre?

A: The Carlton Centre is an iconic skyscraper in Johannesburg, South Africa, known for being one of the tallest towers in Africa.

Q: What is unique about the Ponte City Apartments?

A: The Ponte City Apartments in Johannesburg, South Africa, are known for their record-breaking design and are considered a significant residential building in the region.

Q: Where is the Cairo Tower located?

A: The Cairo Tower is located in Cairo, Egypt and is one of the prominent skyscrapers in Africa.

Q: What is the Hassan II Mosque known for?

A: The Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco, is famous for its unique architecture, impressive height, and cultural significance.

Q: What is the UAP Tower?

A: The UAP Tower in Nairobi, Kenya, is a notable skyscraper known for its height, design, and impact on the city’s skyline.

Q: What is special about the Britam Tower?

A: The Britam Tower in Nairobi, Kenya, stands out with its unique design, significant height, and contribution to the city’s architectural landscape.

Q: What can you tell me about The Pinnacle?

A: The Pinnacle is an upcoming skyscraper in Nairobi, Kenya, expected to be one of the tallest buildings in Africa. It will feature distinct architectural features and transform the city’s skyline.

Q: What is the South African Reserve Bank Building known for?

A: The South African Reserve Bank Building in Pretoria, South Africa, is recognized for its architectural significance, impressive height, and impact on the city.